U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Threatened & Endangered Species Team (TEST)

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Dr. Fischer is a Research Wildlife Biologist in the Ecological Resources Branch, Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. He has served as President of the National Military Fish and Wildlife Association and currently is the EL Wildlife Team Leader, Program Coordinator for the Department of Defense Bird Conservation Program, and Lead for the ERDC Threatened and Endangered Species Team. He is a Certified Wildlife Biologist with The Wildlife Society. Rich’s expertise and research interests include avian ecology and management on Department of Defense lands; riparian zone ecology, restoration and management on military installations and civil works projects; and development of modeling and management approaches for threatened and endangered species.

Dr. Todd Swannack is a Research Biologist in the Wetlands and Coastal Ecology Branch, Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Research & Development Center. Todd is the team lead for the Integrated Ecological Modeling Team that develops quantitative ecological models to evaluate impacts and benefits of civil works and military projects on ecological communities. He and his team model endangered species, invasive species, landscape changes, thin layer placement, and other engineering with nature projects.